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Tips, Advice and Resources

Maths: Year 4 topics

Below are the list top topics you can expect your child to learn in maths during year 4:

Numbers and comparing

  • Write numbers in words
  • Ordinal numbers to 100th
  • Roman numerals I, V, X, L, C, D, M
  • Even and odd I
  • Even and odd II
  • Skip-counting puzzles
  • Number sequences
  • Put numbers in order
  • Which number is greatest/least?
  • Comparing numbers
  • Comparing – with addition and subtraction
  • Multi-step inequalities

Place values

  • Place value models
  • Place value names
  • Value of a digit
  • Identify the digit with a particular place value
  • Convert to/from a number
  • Convert between place values
  • Convert from expanded form
  • Convert between standard and expanded form
  • Place value word problems

Addition

  • Add two numbers up to three digits
  • Addition input/output tables – up to three digits
  • Add two numbers up to three digits – word problems
  • Complete the addition sentence – up to three digits
  • Balance addition equations – up to three digits
  • Add three or more numbers up to three digits each
  • Add three or more numbers up to three digits – word problems
  • Addition patterns over increasing place values
  • Add two numbers with four or more digits
  • Addition input/output tables – four or more digits
  • Add two numbers with four or more digits – word problems
  • Complete the addition sentence – four or more digits
  • Balance equations – four or more digits
  • Add three or more numbers with four or more digits
  • Add three or more numbers with four or more digits – word problems
  • Addition: fill in the missing digits

Subtraction

  • Subtract numbers up to three digits
  • Subtraction input/output tables – up to three digits
  • Subtract numbers up to three digits – word problems
  • Complete the subtraction sentence – up to three digits
  • Balance subtraction equations – up to three digits
  • Subtraction patterns over increasing place values
  • Subtract numbers with four or more digits
  • Subtraction input/output tables – four or more digits
  • Subtraction: fill in the missing digits

Multiplication

  • Multiplication sentences
  • Multiplication – facts to 12
  • Multiplication word problems – facts to 12
  • Missing factors – facts to 12
  • Missing factors – facts to 12 – word problems
  • Squares up to 20
  • Multiplication patterns over increasing place values
  • Multiply numbers ending in zeroes
  • Multiply a one-digit number by a larger number
  • Multiply a one-digit number by a larger number – word problems
  • Multiply three or more numbers
  • Multiply three or more numbers – word problems
  • Multiplication input/output tables

Multiplication – skill builders

  • Multiply by 0
  • Multiply by 1
  • Multiply by 2
  • Multiply by 3
  • Multiply by 4
  • Multiply by 5
  • Multiply by 6
  • Multiply by 7
  • Multiply by 8
  • Multiply by 9
  • Multiply by 10
  • Multiply by 11
  • Multiply by 12

Division

  • Division facts to 5
  • Division facts to 10
  • Division word problems – facts to 10
  • Complete the division sentence – facts to 10
  • Division facts to 12
  • Division patterns over increasing place values
  • Divide numbers ending in zeroes
  • Divide larger numbers
  • Divide larger numbers – word problems
  • Complete the division table
  • Interpret remainders
  • Divisibility rules for 2, 5 and 10
  • Division input/output tables

Division – skill builders

  • Divide by 1
  • Divide by 2
  • Divide by 3
  • Divide by 4
  • Divide by 5
  • Divide by 6
  • Divide by 7
  • Divide by 8
  • Divide by 9
  • Divide by 10
  • Divide by 11
  • Divide by 12

Mixed operations

  • Addition, subtraction, multiplication and division facts
  • Complete the addition, subtraction, multiplication or division sentence
  • Add, subtract, multiply and divide
  • Addition, subtraction, multiplication and division word problems
  • Interpret data in tables
  • Multi-step word problems
  • Missing operators

Properties

  • Addition, subtraction, multiplication and division terms
  • Understanding parentheses
  • Properties of addition
  • Solve using properties of addition
  • Properties of multiplication
  • Solve using properties of multiplication
  • Relate addition and multiplication
  • Relate multiplication and division

Equations and variables

  • Identify equations
  • Solve for the variable – addition and subtraction only
  • Solve for the variable – with multiplication and division
  • Write variable equations to represent word problems

Estimation and rounding

  • Rounding
  • Round money amounts
  • Rounding puzzles
  • Solve inequalities using estimation
  • Estimate sums
  • Estimate products
  • Estimate quotients

Logical reasoning

  • Guess the number
  • Largest/smallest number possible
  • Find the order
  • Age puzzles
  • Guess two numbers based on sum and difference
  • Guess two numbers based on sum, difference, product and quotient

Money

  • Count coins and notes – up to £5 note
  • Which picture shows more?
  • Purchases – do you have enough money – up to £10
  • Making change
  • Inequalities with money
  • Put money amounts in order
  • Add and subtract money amounts
  • Add money amounts – word problems
  • Price lists

Time

  • Read clocks and write times
  • Elapsed time I
  • Elapsed time II
  • Read a calendar
  • Relate time units
  • Time patterns
  • Convert between hours and fractions of hours
  • Reading schedules – 12-hour time
  • Reading schedules – 24-hour time
  • Time lines

Data and graphs

  • Coordinate graphs I
  • Coordinate graphs II
  • Graph points on a coordinate plane
  • Interpret bar graphs
  • Create bar graphs
  • Interpret line plots
  • Create line plots
  • Interpret pictographs
  • Create pictographs
  • Interpret line graphs
  • Create line graphs
  • Venn diagrams

Measurement

  • Read a thermometer
  • Reasonable temperature
  • Which metric unit of length is appropriate?
  • Compare and convert metric units of length
  • Which metric unit of mass is appropriate?
  • Compare and convert metric units of mass
  • Which metric unit of volume is appropriate?
  • Compare and convert metric units of volume
  • Conversion tables – metric units
  • Which imperial unit of length is appropriate?
  • Compare and convert imperial units of length
  • Which imperial unit of weight is appropriate?
  • Compare and convert imperial units of weight
  • Which imperial unit of volume is appropriate?
  • Compare and convert imperial units of volume
  • Conversion tables – imperial units

Geometry

  • Identify planar and solid shapes
  • Count and compare sides, edges, faces and vertices
  • Symmetry
  • Similar and congruent
  • Reflection, rotation and translation
  • Perimeter
  • Perimeter: find the missing side length
  • Area
  • Volume
  • Angles: greater than, less than or equal to a right angle
  • Angles of 90, 180, 270 and 360 degrees
  • Lines, line segments and rays
  • Is it a polygon?
  • Triangles: equilateral, isosceles and scalene
  • Triangles: acute, right and obtuse

Fractions and mixed numbers

  • Fraction review
  • Fraction review – word problems
  • Fractions on number lines
  • Compare fractions
  • Equivalent fractions: type the missing numerator or denominator
  • Equivalent fractions: choose the equivalent fraction
  • Reducing fractions to lowest terms
  • Put fractions in order
  • Fractions of a number
  • Fractions of a number – word problems
  • Mixed numbers: what mixed number is shown?
  • Mixed numbers: write the mixed number in words

Decimals

  • What decimal number is illustrated?
  • Convert between decimals and fractions
  • Understanding decimals expressed in words
  • Number sequences involving decimals
  • Inequalities with decimals
  • Put decimal numbers in order
  • Add and subtract decimals
  • Add and subtract decimals – word problems
  • Add three or more decimal numbers

Probability and statistics

  • Certain, probable, unlikely and impossible
  • Mean and mode
  • Interpret charts to find mean and mode
  • Combinations

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