Verbal reasoning, also known as verbal ability, is the ability to understand and use language. This includes both the comprehension of written text and the ability to produce oral language. It’s one of the critical areas measured in cognitive ability tests. Non-Verbal Reasoning is the ability to understand and use non-verbal communication. This includes both the comprehension of non-verbal cues, such as body language and facial expressions and the ability to produce non-verbal communication, such as gesturing and sign language. It’s also one of the critical areas measured in cognitive ability tests.
These tests often focus on three main areas: fluid intelligence, crystallised intelligence, and working memory.
Verbal reasoning skills fall under crystallised intelligence, the ability to use skills, knowledge, and experience acquired over time. This contrasts with fluid intelligence, which is the ability to think abstractly and solve problems in new ways.
Working memory is also essential in verbal reasoning tasks. This refers to the ability to remember and process information at the moment. Working memory allows you to keep information in your mind long enough to use it.
There are a few different ways that verbal reasoning can be assessed. One common method is through analogy questions. In these questions, test-takers must choose the word that best completes a given analogy. Another popular method is sentence completion. In these questions, test-takers must choose the word that best fits the meaning of the sentence.
An example of an analogy question is:
a) HINT: ALLOCATE
b) REVOLT: REPUDIATE
c) COLLAPSE: RISE
d) QUESTION : INTERROGATE
The answer to this question is d) QUESTION: INTERROGATE because ‘alleviate’ is an extended form of ‘ease’, as ‘interrogate’ is an extended form of ‘question’.
Non-Verbal questions in Cognitive Ability Tests can focus on a few different areas. One common area is visual processing. This refers to the ability to understand and interpret visual information. Another common area is spatial perception. This refers to the ability to see relationships between objects in space.
As with verbal reasoning, working memory is also important in non-verbal tasks. This refers to the ability to remember and process information at the moment. Working memory allows you to keep information in your mind long enough to use it.
There are a few different ways that non-verbal reasoning can be assessed. One common method is through Raven’s Progressive Matrices. In this test, test-takers must identify the pattern in a series of images and choose the image that best completes the pattern. Another popular method is the Embedded Figures Test. In this test, test-takers must find a simple shape within a more complex image.
Cognitive ability tests assessing verbal and non-verbal reasoning are often used to measure general intelligence. These tests can be used to predict success in various settings, including education and the workplace.
Verbal and non-verbal reasoning skills are essential in many different cognitive tasks. These skills help us understand and communicate with others, allowing us to solve problems in new and innovative ways.